The first School of Art at Newcastle was established in 1838, and as part of Durham and then Newcastle University, it has consistently maintained an excellent reputation as one of the UK leading centres for art education.  Many distinguished artists have been associated with Newcastle, either as students or as teachers, and include, for example, Lawrence Gowing, Richard Hamilton, Victor Pasmore, Roy Ascott, Sean Scully and Susan Hiller. The department was a key player in the radical developments in art education that took place in the UK, and which led to the development of the course known as Basic Design.